What are different styles of reciting the Quran?
The recitation of the Quran holds immense significance in the lives of Muslims, as it is not just a means of reading the words of Allah, but also a way to establish a deep connection with the divine. The Quran itself was revealed with the beauty of its words and melodies, and throughout history, different styles of recitation have emerged, each adding its own unique shade of devotion and rhythm. In this article, we will explore some of these styles, including Tahqiq, Tadvir (Famous Tarteel), and Tahdir, delving into their essence, significance, and the scholars who have contributed to their preservation.
Tahqiq, originating from the Arabic word “hakama,” meaning to judge or to discern, is a recitation style that focuses on precision, accuracy, and meticulous attention to the rules of Tajweed (the rules of Quranic recitation). It seeks to render the words of the Quran in their most authentic and accurate form, capturing both their intended meaning and the eloquence of their recitation. This style demands utmost precision in the pronunciation, enunciation, and modulation of each letter, ensuring the proper articulation of vowels, elongations, nasalization, and other phonetic elements.
The main benefit of Tahqiq recitation is that it ensures the accurate transmission of the divine message. By paying close attention to the pronunciation and enunciation of the words, reciters aim to preserve the originality and authenticity of the Quran. This style of recitation is particularly important for learners who wish to study the Quran with a strong emphasis on correct pronunciation and the subtle nuances of the Arabic language. Moreover, Tahqiq recitation enhances the spiritual experience of both the reciter and the listeners. Through its meticulous attention to every word, Tahqiq recitation enables individuals to engage more deeply with the meanings and teachings of the Quran. It cultivates a sense of reverence and awe towards the divine words, enriching the spiritual journey and fostering a stronger connection with Allah.
You can listen to one of the Tahqiq Recitation from Sheikh Abdul Basit Abdus Samad by clicking on the following link:
- Tadvir (Famous Tarteel)
Tadvir (Famous Tarteel) is a style that focuses on the measured and rhythmic recitation of the Quran. It entails a slow and deliberate pace, allowing the listener to comprehend and reflect upon the meanings of the verses. This style is associated with tranquility and delivering the message of the Quran with clarity and depth. Tadvir (Famous Tarteel) recitation is considered one of the most beautiful and respectful ways of reciting the Quran, as it allows the reciter and the listener to reflect on the message and wisdom of the divine revelation. Tarteel recitation is also a way of preserving the accuracy and authenticity of the Quran, as it prevents errors and distortions in the transmission of the sacred text. The Quran itself commands the believers to recite it in a Tadvir (Famous Tarteel) manner:
وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلًا (Al-Muzzammil:4)
and recite the Quran in a measured tone.
One of the styles of Quran recitation is Tahdir. Tahdir is a fast style of recitation that respects all the rules of Tajweed, but chooses the shortest length for the madd letters. It is usually adopted when the Quran needs to be finished in a specified time period, such as during the holy month of Ramadan. Tahdir is derived from the Arabic word for “haste” or “speed”. Tahdir is not the same as Tadvir (Famous Tarteel), which is a medium pace of reading that was adopted by the Prophet Muhammad (S). Tadvir (Famous Tarteel) differs from Tahdir, as it means to read distinctly, calmly, in a measured tone, with thoughtful consideration. Tahdir is also different from Tahqiq, which is a slow style of recitation that gives each letter its proper right and stretches the madd letters to the maximum counts. Tahqiq is mostly adopted by new learners and beginners. Tahdir is a style that requires skill, accuracy and fluency in reading the Quran.
You can listen to one of the Tahdir Recitation from Moetaz Aghaei by clicking on the following link:
In conclusion, we can divide the different styles of reciting the Quran in terms of speed as follows:
- Tahqiq: Very slow speed, focuses on precision, accuracy, and meticulous attention to the rules of Tajweed.
- Tadvir (Famous Tarteel): Slow speed, focuses on the measured and rhythmic recitation of the Quran and faster than Tahqiq.
- Tahdir: Fast speed, respects all the rules of Tajweed, but chooses the shortest length for the madd letters and faster than Tadvir (Famous Tarteel).
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For more information, you can visit the website of DarulQuran academy: