Any society needs its men and women’s active and equal participation to achieve development. Ignoring female roles is equal to a huge damage to the function of the government. So, in order to achieve its goals and find the right path of development, it is necessary for the government to consider all human resources, especially those of women. According to Islamic view, women play a major role in the foundation and development of an Islamic society. In addition, Islam values women to such an extent that they can achieve their proper human as well as social status. It is in this kind of position that they can hold social responsibilities to help it develop. If they are not ignored regarding the Islamic and social justice, women can play a crucial part to achieve such a development. Since the present paper aims to study women’s role in Islamic republic of Iran’s development, it is necessary to focus on the issues concerning their efforts and the challenges having to do with the so-called expected development. Moreover, the present study tries to put forward a theoretical framework through which the issue is analyzed from Islamic justice and rights point of view. Therefore, in the first part, the concept of justice and social justice in Islamic system is discussed and the verses or sayings that introduce justice as one of the Islamic values are presented. In the second part, the issues regarding women rights that lead to faster movements towards the development are discussed. After a thorough examination of numerous verses from the Holy Quran and Islamic sayings, it is concluded that many of them have made contribution to the equality of men and women prior to the creation, the freedom of education, learning sciences, freedom of speech, possession, independency in owning properties, employment, freedom in all aspects of their life like political, social and cultural issues. It shows that the Holy Quran, as the most complete divine and religious leaders’ book, has always been aware of women and their crucial role in all levels of society and has ordered Muslims to observe these points, too.