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Home > Article > Specifying the Antioxidant Activities of Five Fruits Mentioned in Quran and Sayings (Ahadith)
The fruits are the oldest types of food which accompany with the biological activities. In different chapters, Holy Quran accentuates the importance of plants which cure different diseases. Objectives: This study was performed to synthesis the scientific and religious point of view regarding the native plants and informs about the types of fruits mentioned in Quran. Materials and Methods: The fruits are classified based on the scientific, English, local names and species name. To specify the antioxidant properties, the tests such as diphenyl picrylhydrazyl , the trolex antioxidant activities and the antioxidant activity of iron restoration were used. Total Phenol was measured using the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Results: Phenolic compound contents ranges from 36 to 149 mg Gallic acid/100 g extract as measured by Folin-Ciocalteu method. The maximum and minimum amount of antioxidant activity was 0.3-3.83 mg/mL extract. The limited amount of the antioxidant activity using iron restoration method ranged from 0.73 to 10.58 Mmol of Fe (II)/100 mg extract. The maximum and minimum amount of antioxidant activity was 12.4 Mmol and 0.91Mmol trolex/g extract, respectively. The amount of antioxidant activity was observed in pomegranate, olive, date palm and figs. Conclusions: Medicinal herbs are used extensively due to the public acceptance, the least amount of damage and the minimal side effects on consumers.